Association of insomnia symptoms and trajectories with the risk of functional disability: a prospective cohort study

TitleAssociation of insomnia symptoms and trajectories with the risk of functional disability: a prospective cohort study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsHuang, Q-M, Xie, J-H, Chen, H, Yan, H-Y, Gao, J, Li, Z-H, Gao, X, Kraus, VByers, Mao, C
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume24
KeywordsCohort study, functional disability, insomnia symptoms, trajectory
Abstract

Background
There is limited understanding regarding prospective associations of insomnia symptoms and trajectories with functional disability. We aimed to investigate the associations of insomnia symptoms and trajectories with functional disability.

Method
A total of 13 197 participants were eligible from the Health and Retirement Study. Insomnia symptoms included non-restorative sleep, difficulty initiating sleep, early morning awakening, and difficulty maintaining sleep. We also identified four distinct trajectories of insomnia symptoms: low, decreasing, increasing, and high insomnia symptoms. Functional status was assessed through activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL).

Results
Participants experiencing one (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.13–1.29), two (HR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.29–1.57), or three to four (HR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.25–1.60) insomnia symptoms had a higher risk of ADL disability than asymptomatic respondents. Similarly, participants with one or more insomnia symptoms had a higher risk of IADL disability. Furthermore, using the trajectory with low insomnia symptoms as the reference, decreasing insomnia symptoms (HR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.12–1.34), increasing insomnia symptoms (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.05–1.41), and high insomnia symptoms (HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.18–1.56) were all associated with an increased risk of ADL disability.

Conclusion
Both a single measurement and dynamic trajectory of insomnia symptoms are associated with the onset of ADL disability. Increased awareness and management of insomnia symptoms may contribute to the prevention of functional disability occurrence.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12877-024-05108-9#citeas
DOI10.1186/s12877-024-05108-9
Citation Key14013