Consequence of Retirement on Divorce

TitleConsequence of Retirement on Divorce
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsFuruya, S
KeywordsAging, Divorce, Family, gender, Retirement
Abstract

Abstract
Much research in sociology has explored the relationship between work status and the risk of
divorce; however, this body of research has not systematically expanded to the relationship
between retirement and the risk of gray divorce—divorce involving those aged 50 and above.
Even less is known about how the transition from a non-retiree to a retiree affects the risk of gray
divorce. Using a fuzzy regression discontinuity design with the data from 1992 to 2020 rounds of
the Health and Retirement Study, the current study attempts to identify the local average
treatment effect of retirement on the risk of gray divorce among those induced to retire by the
eligibility for Social Security retirement benefits. Results show that retirement induced by the
eligibility for Social Security retirement benefits reduces the risk of gray divorce. This negative
local average treatment effect of retirement is more pronounced for men and more recent birth
cohorts than for women and older birth cohorts.

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Citation Key14023