Longitudinal models are commonly used for studying data collected on individuals repeatedly through time. While there are now a variety of such models available (marginal models, mixed effects models, etc.), far fewer options exist for the closely related issue of variable selection. In addition, longitudinal data typically derive from medical or other large-scale studies where often large numbers of potential explanatory variables and hence even larger numbers of candidate models must be considered. Cross-validation is a popular method for variable selection based on the predictive ability of the model. Here, we propose a cross-validation Markov chain Monte Carlo procedure as a general variable selection tool which avoids the need to visit all candidate models. Inclusion of a 'one-standard error' rule provides users with a collection of good models as is often desired. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our procedure both in a simulation setting and in a real application.

%B Stat Med %I 26 %V 26 %P 919-30 %8 2007 Feb 20 %G eng %N 4 %L newpubs20070125_Cantoni_etal %1 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16625521?dopt=Abstract %4 Methodology/LONGITUDINAL DATA %$ 16980 %R 10.1002/sim.2572