Living arrangements and disability-free life expectancy in the United States.

TitleLiving arrangements and disability-free life expectancy in the United States.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsChiu, C-T
JournalPLoS One
Date Published2019
ISSN Number1932-6203
KeywordsLiving arrangements, Mortality

No studies have investigated the association between living arrangements and disability-free life expectancy in the United States, nor worldwide. This study aims to examine the differences in total and disability-free life expectancy among older Americans according to living arrangements. Data from the Health and Retirement Study (1998 to 2014) for non-Hispanic whites aged 50 and over (N = 21,612). Disability-free life expectancy by gender, living arrangement, and education are obtained from incidence-based multistate life tables. Overall, those who live only with their spouses/partners live 1-19 years longer with 3-25 more years without disability and 1-7 fewer years with disability than do those with other living arrangements. Among those with the same living arrangement, the higher educated live up to 6 years longer with up to 8 more years in a disability-free state and up to 2 fewer years in a disabled state. The study shows strong association between living arrangement and disability-free life expectancy by gender and education. Long-term care policy should take into account the length of life with/without disability by living arrangements and socioeconomic status and make use of the potential family resources.

User Guide Notes

Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
Citation Key10004
PubMed ID30735515
PubMed Central IDPMC6368297