Glycated Hemoglobin and All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among Adults With and Without Diabetes.

TitleGlycated Hemoglobin and All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among Adults With and Without Diabetes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsLi, F-R, Zhang, X-R, Zhong, W-F, Li, Z-H, Gao, X, Kraus, VByers, Bin Lv, Y-, Zou, M-C, Chen, G-C, Chen, P-L, Zhang, M-Y, Kur, AKuol Akech, Shi, X-M, Wu, X-B, Mao, C
JournalJ Clin Endocrinol Metab
Volume104
Issue8
Pagination3345-3354
Date Published2019 08 01
ISSN Number1945-7197
KeywordsAged, Cause of Death, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Glycated Hemoglobin A, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Survival Rate
Abstract

CONTEXT: The patterns of associations between glycated Hb (HbA1c) and mortality are still unclear.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the extent to which ranges of HbA1c levels are associated with the risk of mortality among participants with and without diabetes.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: This was a nationwide, community-based prospective cohort study. Included were 15,869 participants (median age 64 years) of the Health and Retirement Study, with available HbA1c data and without a history of cancer. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios with 95% CIs for mortality.

RESULTS: A total of 2133 participants died during a median follow-up of 5.8 years. In participants with diabetes, those with an HbA1c level of 6.5% were at the lowest risk of all-cause mortality. When HbA1c level was <5.6% or >7.4%, the increased all-cause mortality risk became statistically significant as compared with an HbA1c level of 6.5%. As for participants without diabetes, those with an HbA1c level of 5.4% were at the lowest risk of all-cause mortality. When the HbA1c level was <5.0%, the increased all-cause mortality risk became statistically significant as compared with an HbA1c level of 5.4%. However, we did not observe a statistically significant elevated risk of all-cause mortality above an HbA1c level of 5.4%.

CONCLUSIONS: A U-shaped and reverse J-shaped association for all-cause mortality was found among participants with and without diabetes. The corresponding optimal ranges for overall survival are predicted to be 5.6% and 7.4% and 5.0% and 6.5%, respectively.

DOI10.1210/jc.2018-02536
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30896760?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalJ. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
Citation Key10059
PubMed ID30896760