|Title||Association of Parenthood With Incident Heart Disease in United States' Older Men and Women: A Longitudinal Analysis of Health and Retirement Study Data.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Hipp, SL, Wu, YYan, Rosendaal, NTA, Pirkle, CM|
|Journal||J Aging Health|
|Date Published||2019 Mar 10|
|Type of Article||Journal|
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of number of children birthed/fathered with incident heart disease, accounting for socioeconomic and lifestyle characteristics.
METHODS: We analyzed data from 24,923 adults 50 and older (55% women) in the Health and Retirement Study. Participants self-reported number of children and doctor-diagnosed incident heart disease. Cox proportional hazards models estimated heart disease risk.
RESULTS: Compared to women with one to two children, those with five or more had increased risk of heart disease (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.13, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.03, 1.25]). Compared to men with one to two children, those with five or more had a marginally increased risk of heart disease (HR = 1.11, 95% CI = [0.99, 1.25]), but this association attenuated in models adjusting for socioeconomic and lifestyle variables. Compared to men with no children, those with five or more retained a borderline significant association in the fully adjusted model (HR = 1.15, 95% CI = [0.99, 1.35]).
DISCUSSION: Social and lifestyle pathways appear to link parenthood to cardiovascular health.
|User Guide Notes|
|Alternate Journal||J Aging Health|