Home and community-based services and life satisfaction among homebound and poor older adults.

TitleHome and community-based services and life satisfaction among homebound and poor older adults.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsChen, Q, Amano, T, Park, SJung, Kim, BR
JournalJournal of Gerontological Social Work
ISSN Number1540-4048
KeywordsCommunity-based services, Depressive symptoms, Well-being

Little evidence exists regarding the role of Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) utilization on life satisfaction among older people who are both homebound and low-income. Guided by the personal-environment (-E) fit perspective, this study aims to: (1) describe characteristics of older people with homebound and low-income status; (2) investigate how the combination of homebound and low-income status is associated with life satisfaction; and (3) examine whether HCBS utilization moderates the association between homebound and low-income status and life satisfaction. Data were drawn from the 2012 Health and Retirement Study, and the sample included respondents who were 51+ years who completed a questionnaire for HCBS utilization (= 1,662). Results describe sociodemographic, health-related, and environmental characteristics of older adults. Combined homebound and low-income status was a significant predictor of lower life satisfaction ( = -0.15, < .05), but better life satisfaction when they used HCBS ( 0.33, .10). These findings suggest that promoting HCBS utilization is a promising strategy to enhance well-being among those homebound and poor. Further studies are needed to test the effectiveness of HCBS with longitudinal data and to investigate the details of effective HCBS utilization such as frequency of use and types of services.

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Alternate JournalJ Gerontol Soc Work
Citation Key10130
PubMed ID31293224