SeaTE: Subjective ex ante Treatment Effect of Health on Retirement

TitleSeaTE: Subjective ex ante Treatment Effect of Health on Retirement
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsGiustinelli, P, Shapiro, MD
JournalNational Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series
VolumeNo. 26087
Date Published2019
Keywordshealth, Retirement, SeaTE

The Subjective ex ante Treatment Effect is the difference between the probabilities of an outcome conditional on a treatment. The SeaTE yields ex ante causal effects at the individual level. The paper gives an interpretation in two workhorse econometric frameworks: potential outcomes and dynamic programming. It finds large effect heterogeneity of health on work in two surveys of older workers, the VRI and the HRS. It shows how reduced-form estimates of health on work are biased when there is unobserved heterogeneity in taste for work. Using the VRI’s panel structure, it validates the elicited conditional probabilities of work given health.


Author contact info:Pamela GiustinelliDepartment of EconomicsBocconi UniversityMilan, ItalyE-Mail: pamela.giustinelli@gmail.comMatthew D. ShapiroDepartment of EconomicsUniversity of Michigan611 Tappan StAnn Arbor, MI 48109-1220Tel: 734/764-5419Fax: 734 764-2769E-Mail:

Citation Key10229
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