Interpreting Subjective and Objective Measures of Job Resources: The Importance of Sociodemographic Context.

TitleInterpreting Subjective and Objective Measures of Job Resources: The Importance of Sociodemographic Context.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSchmitz, LL, McCluney, CL, Sonnega, A, Hicken, MT
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue17
Date Published2019 08 23
ISSN Number1660-4601
KeywordsJob resources, sociodemographics
Abstract

Salutary retirement policy depends on a clear understanding of factors in the workplace that contribute to work ability at older ages. Research in occupational health typically uses either self-reported or objective ratings of the work environment to assess workplace determinants of health and work ability. This study assessed whether individual characteristics and work-related demands were differentially associated with (1) self-reported ratings of job resources from older workers in the Health and Retirement Study, and (2) corresponding objective ratings of job resources from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). Results from regression and relative weights analyses showed that self-reported ratings were associated with self-reported job demands and personal resources, whereas corresponding O*NET ratings were associated with differences in gender, race, or socioeconomic standing. As a result, subjective ratings may not capture important aspects of aging workers' sociodemographic background that influence work ability, occupational sorting, opportunities for advancement, and ultimately the job resources available to them. Future studies should consider including both subjective and objective measures to capture individual and societal level processes that drive the relationship between work, health, and aging.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31443601
DOI10.3390/ijerph16173058
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31443601?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
Citation Key10375
PubMed ID31443601
PubMed Central IDPMC6747317
Grant ListT32 AG000221 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
K01 DK106322 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
R00 AG056599 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
K99 AG056599 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG012846 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States