|Title||Going It Alone: Advance Directive Discordance in Older Married Couples|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Koss, CS, Jensen, D|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Gerontology|
|Keywords||Advance directives, Couples|
Contrary to expectations of joint decision-making, a substantial minority of older married couples report only one spouse possessing an advance directive. Using Health and Retirement Study data, the authors examined advance directive discordance among heterosexual married couples in which at least one spouse had completed an advance directive. It was predicted that spouses who differed in age, self-rated health, or race/ethnicity would be more apt to adopt individualistic as opposed to relational motivational stances, resulting in higher odds of nonmatching advance directive status. Heterogamy did not account for discordance, but couples in which one or both spouses attended some college were more likely to report advance directive concordance. In contrast, couples in which one or both spouses were non-White were more likely to display advance directive discordance. Study results raise concerns about the effectiveness and reach of advance care planning promotion efforts among low-education and non-White older married adults.
|Short Title||J Appl Gerontol|