|Title||Regressive models for risk prediction of repeated multinomial outcomes: An illustration using Health and Retirement Study data|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Chowdhury, RI, M. Islam, A|
|Keywords||multinomial outcomes, regressive model, repeated measures, risk prediction, sequence of events|
Abstract Life expectancy is increasing in many countries and this may lead to a higher frequency of adverse health outcomes. Therefore, there is a growing demand for predicting the risk of a sequence of events based on specified factors from repeated outcomes. We proposed regressive models and a framework to predict the joint probabilities of a sequence of events for multinomial outcomes from longitudinal studies. The Markov chain is used to link marginal and sequence of conditional probabilities to predict the joint probability. Marginal and sequence of conditional probabilities are estimated using marginal and regressive models. An application is shown using the Health and Retirement Study data. The bias of parameter estimates for all models from all bootstrap simulation is less than 1% in most of the cases. The estimated mean squared error is also very low. Results from the simulation study show negligible bias and the usefulness of the proposed model. The proposed model and framework would be useful to solve real-life problems from various fields and big data analysis.