Multimorbidity and the Transition Out of Full-Time Paid Employment: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Health and Retirement Study

TitleMultimorbidity and the Transition Out of Full-Time Paid Employment: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Health and Retirement Study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
Authorsvan Zon, SKR, Reijneveld, SA, Galaurchi, A, de Leon, CFMendes, Almansa, J, Bültmann, U
JournalThe Journals of Gerontology: Series B
Keywordschronic health, condition labor market participation, socioeconomic position, Transition

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine whether older workers aged 50-64 years with multimorbidity are at increased risk to transition from full-time paid employment to part-time employment, partial retirement, unemployment, disability, economic inactivity, full retirement or die than workers without a chronic health condition and workers with one chronic health condition, and whether socioeconomic position (SEP) modifies these transitions. METHOD: Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (1992-2014; n = 10,719), sub-distribution hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated with a time-varying Fine and Gray competing-risks survival regression model to examine exit from full-time paid employment. We investigated the modifying effect of SEP by examining its interaction with multimorbidity. RESULTS: Workers with multimorbidity had a higher risk of transitioning to partial retirement (1.45; 1.22, 1.72), disability (1.84; 1.21, 2.78) and full retirement (1.63; 1.47, 1.81), and they had a higher mortality risk (2.58; 1.71, 3.88) than workers without chronic disorders. Compared to workers with one chronic health condition, workers with multimorbidity had an increased risk for partial (1.19; 1.02, 1.40) and full retirement (1.29; 1.17, 1.42), and mortality (1.49; 1.09, 2.04). Only SEP measured as educational level modified the relationship between multimorbidity and mortality. DISCUSSION: Workers with multimorbidity seem more prone to leave full-time paid employment than workers without or with one a chronic health condition. Personalized work accommodations may be necessary to help workers with multimorbidity prolong their working life. © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America.

Citation KeyvanZon2020705
PubMed ID31083712
PubMed Central IDPMC7768699