Social capital and health status: Longitudinal race and ethnicity differences in older adults from 2006 to 2014.

TitleSocial capital and health status: Longitudinal race and ethnicity differences in older adults from 2006 to 2014.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsVillalonga-Olives, E, Almansa, J, Knott, CL, Ransome, Y
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Date Published02/2020
Type of ArticleJournal
ISSN Number1661-8556
KeywordsHealth Status, longitudinal, Multilevel, No terms assigned, Older Adults, Racial differences, Social capital
Abstract

AbstractObjectivesWe examined the longitudinal associations of social capital on self-rated health and differences by race/ethnicity in older adults.MethodsWe used Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative sample of US adults aged ≥ 50 years evaluated every 2 years (2006–2014) (N = 18,859). We investigated the relationship between social capital indicators (neighborhood social cohesion/physical disorder, positive/negative social support) with self-rated health accounting for age, gender, education and stratified by race/ethnicity. We used structural equation multilevel modeling estimating the associations: within-wave and between-persons.ResultsWe observed between-persons-level associations among social capital indicators and self-rated health. Individuals with overall levels of positive social support and neighborhood social cohesion tended to have overall better self-rated health [correlations 0.21 (p < 0.01) and 0.29 (p < 0.01), respectively]. For Hispanics, the corr

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Citation Key2020-13542-00120200221