|Title||Disrespect at Work, Distress at Home: A Longitudinal Investigation of Incivility Spillover and Crossover Among Older Workers|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Marchiondo, LA, Fisher, GG, Cortina, LM, Matthews, RA|
|Journal||Working, Aging and Retirement|
|Type of Article||Journal|
|Keywords||Older Adults, Workplace incivility|
The prevalence of workplace mistreatment toward older adults is well-documented, yet its effects are understudied. We applied the strength and vulnerability integration model (SAVI) to hypothesize that, despite its low intensity, workplace incivility has numerous deleterious outcomes for older employees over time. Specifically, we investigated whether and how incivility relates to well-being outside of work, among both targeted employees and their partners. We drew on affective events theory to examine how incivility “spills over” to older targets’ personal lives. We also tested whether incivility is potent enough to “crossover” to the well-being of older targets’ partners at home. Based on longitudinal data from a national study of older workers (N = 598; 299 couples), results demonstrate that workplace incivility related to decrements in targets’ affective well-being, which in turn, was associated with life dissatisfaction, interference with work, and lower overall health. Workplace incivility also predicted declines in partner well-being, although these crossover effects varied by gender: Men’s postincivility affective well-being predicted their female partners’ life satisfaction but not vice versa. However, women’s uncivil experiences directly related to the affective well-being of their male partners. These results suggest that for both older workers and their partners, the harms of incivility eventually extend beyond the organizations where they originate.