Long-Term Employment Outcomes among Female Cancer Survivors.

TitleLong-Term Employment Outcomes among Female Cancer Survivors.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsEkenga, CC, Kwon, E, Kim, BR, Park, S
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
KeywordsCancer, return to work, survivorship, women

Advances in early detection and treatment have led to a growing population of female cancer survivors, many of whom are of working age. We examined the relationship between cancer and long-term (>5 years) employment outcomes in a nationally representative sample of working-age women in the United States. Data from nine waves of the Health and Retirement Study were used to examine employment status and weekly hours worked among cancer survivors (n = 483) and women without cancer (n = 6605). We used random slope regression models to estimate the impact of cancer and occupation type on employment outcomes. There was no difference in employment status between cancer survivors and women without cancer at baseline; however, during follow-up, cancer survivors were more likely to be employed than women without cancer (odds ratio (OR) = 1.33, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11-1.58). Among 6-10-year survivors, professional workers were less likely (OR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.21-0.74) to be employed than manual workers. Among >10-year survivors, professional workers averaged fewer weekly hours worked (-2.4 h, 95% CI: -4.4--0.47) than manual workers. The impact of cancer on long-term employment outcomes may differ by occupation type. Identifying the occupation-specific mechanisms associated with the return to work will be critical to developing targeted strategies to promote employment in the growing female cancer survivor population.

Citation Key10718
PubMed ID32316224
PubMed Central IDPMC7215616