|Title||Self-Perceptions of Aging and Control of Life in Late Adulthood: Between-Person and Within-Person Associations|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||Forthcoming|
|Authors||Luo, MS, Li, LW, Chui, EWing Tak|
|Journal||Journal of Aging and Health|
|Keywords||attitude toward aging, control belief, Self-efficacy, sold age|
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the longitudinal relationship between two central concepts in aging research—self-perceptions of aging (SPA) and perceived control of life (COL). Method: The data came from three measurement points over a 9-year period in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). A random intercepts cross-lagged panel model (RI-CLPM) was estimated. Results: The covariations between SPA and COL across 9 years were evident at both the between-person level and the within-person within-time level. The results revealed a reciprocal relationship between SPA and COL: Higher than usual negative SPA predicted within-person decreases in COL 4 years later, and lower than usual COL predicted future within-person increases in negative SPA. Furthermore, SPA were found to have a somewhat larger effect on COL than the corresponding influence of COL on SPA. Discussion: This study enriches the stereotype embodiment theory and the practice by documenting a reciprocal interrelationship between SPA and COL.
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