The Association Between Oral Health and Food Avoidance Among Older Adults in the United States

TitleThe Association Between Oral Health and Food Avoidance Among Older Adults in the United States
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationForthcoming
AuthorsLee, YJane, Lee], H-K[Harry
JournalPublic Health in Practice
ISSN Number2666-5352
KeywordsGerontology, Oral Health, Public Health
Abstract

Objectives This study examines the association between oral health and food avoidance among older adults in the United States. Study Design A population-based sample of 1,278 adults aged 51+ from the Health and Retirement Study was used. A logistic regression model was performed to evaluate various oral health conditions and food avoidance behavior among older adults. Results were quantified as odds ratios (OR). Results This study found a significant association between oral health and food avoidance in older adults. Individuals with teeth loss, poor self-rated oral health, and teeth or gum sensitivity experienced more food avoidance. Conclusions Geriatric health care professionals assessing older adults' well-being can be informed by this study outcome to consider oral health as a potential risk factor for food avoidance. This study can inform policymakers to develop oral health promotion programs and goals for older adults, and also consider nutritional support for older adults with negative oral health conditions.

DOI10.1016/j.puhip.2020.100011
Citation KeyLEE2020100011