Childhood Misfortune and Late-Life Stroke Incidence, 2004–2014

TitleChildhood Misfortune and Late-Life Stroke Incidence, 2004–2014
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsZaborenko, CJ, Ferraro, KF, Williams-Farrelly, M
JournalThe Gerontologist
Pagination1060 - 1070
ISBN Number0016-9013
KeywordsCerebrovascular disease, Epidemiology, Life course analysis

Although most strokes occur in later life, recent studies reveal that negative exposures decades earlier are associated with stroke risk. The purpose of this study was to examine whether accumulated and/or specific domains of early misfortune are related to stroke incidence in later life.A decade of longitudinal data from stroke-free participants 50 years or older in the Health and Retirement Study were analyzed (N = 12,473). Incident stroke was defined as either self-reported first incident stroke or death due to stroke between 2004 and 2014.Analyses revealed that accumulated misfortune was associated with increased stroke risk, but the relationship was moderated by wealth. Examining specific domains of childhood misfortune revealed that stroke incidence was greater for persons with behavioral/psychological risks, but that this relationship also was moderated by higher wealth for those with only one behavioral/psychological risk.Accumulated childhood misfortune and adolescent depression heighten the risk of stroke in later life, but the influence is remediable through adult wealth. Reducing poverty in later life may decrease stroke incidence for persons exposed to negative childhood exposures.

Citation Key11022
PubMed ID32267501
PubMed Central IDPMC7427481