|Title||Childhood Misfortune and Late-Life Stroke Incidence, 2004–2014|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Zaborenko, CJ, Ferraro, KF, Williams-Farrelly, M|
|Pagination||1060 - 1070|
|Keywords||Cerebrovascular disease, Epidemiology, Life course analysis|
Although most strokes occur in later life, recent studies reveal that negative exposures decades earlier are associated with stroke risk. The purpose of this study was to examine whether accumulated and/or specific domains of early misfortune are related to stroke incidence in later life.A decade of longitudinal data from stroke-free participants 50 years or older in the Health and Retirement Study were analyzed (N = 12,473). Incident stroke was defined as either self-reported first incident stroke or death due to stroke between 2004 and 2014.Analyses revealed that accumulated misfortune was associated with increased stroke risk, but the relationship was moderated by wealth. Examining specific domains of childhood misfortune revealed that stroke incidence was greater for persons with behavioral/psychological risks, but that this relationship also was moderated by higher wealth for those with only one behavioral/psychological risk.Accumulated childhood misfortune and adolescent depression heighten the risk of stroke in later life, but the influence is remediable through adult wealth. Reducing poverty in later life may decrease stroke incidence for persons exposed to negative childhood exposures.
|PubMed Central ID||PMC7427481|