A Measurement Model of Depressive Symptoms among Older, African American Women

TitleA Measurement Model of Depressive Symptoms among Older, African American Women
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsBaldwin-Clark, T, de Carvalho, J
JournalAmerican International Journal of Social Science
ISSN Number2325-4149
KeywordsAfrican Americans, depressive symptoms and research, Older Adults, women

For more than four decades, researchers have found depression to be a common mental illness among the elderly.
Depression is a generalized mood disorder characterized by feelings of sadness and hopelessness, a sense of
worthlessness, difficulty concentrating, loss of interest, and decrease in energy level. This definition is reflected in
the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). The rates of depression among elderly residents of institutions are 67%
higher than among elderly adults residing at home. As in the United States, elderly women are twice as likely to be
diagnosed with depressive symptoms as elderly men.. Time and again, research has revealed that depression is a
significant problem for individuals later in life and may affect their psychological well-being. Using data from the
Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2010 wave, a secondary analysis was conducted to examine depression among
community-dwelling, African American women, age 50 and over, as it relates to age, social support, religion,
caregiving, and physical health. Intersectionality and social construction were used as theoretical frameworks for
the study. Findings indicated significant relationships between depression and age, social support, and physical
health. However, depression is treatable with pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy or combination of both.The overall
purpose of this study was to explore the factors that may predict depression among older African American
females, as well as identify gaps in the literature and add to the knowledge base about depression among this
population of color, and develop a framework for future studies investigating mental health issues among diverse
populations beyond African Americans.

Citation Key11077