|Title||Raíces De Salud: How Sociocultural, Cohort, and Contextual Factors Influence Health Among Older Latinos in the United States|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Degree||Doctor of Philosophy|
|University||University of Southern California|
|Keywords||Diabetes, Hypertension, Latinos/Hispanics, Social determinants of health|
Objectives: Diabetes and hypertension are major chronic conditions that affect a growing number of aging Latinos in the U.S. and is among one of the leading causes of death and disability. These chronic conditions are understood mainly as a product of proximate individual-level health behaviors without recognizing how social factors, social disadvantages, and social inequalities intersect to influence the disease process among Latinos. This dissertation examined how various social determinants of health, such as social, temporal, and neighborhood characteristics, were associated with diabetes and hypertension among the older Latino population.
Results: Results show that there is a complex interplay of social, temporal, and neighborhood factors that intersect and produce cumulative impacts across the life course that influence the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension among older Latinos.
Discussion: Understanding Latinos’ varied experiences can play a critical role in advancing health equity by expanding our understanding of health disparities beyond proximate individual-level health behaviors.