|Title||Sense of Purpose in Life and Likelihood of Future Illicit Drug Use or Prescription Medication Misuse.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Kim, ES, Ryff, CD, Hassett, A, Brummett, C, Yeh, C, Strecher, VJ|
|Date Published||2020 09|
|Keywords||Drug use, Sense of purpose|
OBJECTIVE: In the United States, 28.6 million people used illicit drugs or misused prescription drugs in the last 30 days. Thus, identifying factors linked with lower likelihood of future drug misuse is an important target for research and practice. Sense of purpose in life has been linked with better behavioral and physical health outcomes. Furthermore, a higher sense of purpose may reduce the likelihood of drug misuse because it has been linked with several protective factors including enhanced ability to handle stress, higher pain tolerance, and lower impulsivity. However, the association between sense of purpose and drug misuse has been understudied. Thus, we tested whether people with a higher sense of purpose at baseline had a lower likelihood of future drug misuse 9 to 10 years later.
METHODS: This study included 3535 middle-aged adults from the Midlife in the United States Study who were not misusing drugs at baseline. Using multiple logistic regression models, we assessed whether baseline purpose in life was associated with risk of misusing drugs 9 to 10 years later.
RESULTS: Among respondents not misusing drugs at baseline, people in the highest quartile of purpose (versus lowest quartile) had a substantially lower likelihood of future drug misuse in a model adjusting for demographic variables (odds ratio = 0.50, 95% confidence interval = 0.31-0.83). Associations remained evident after additionally adjusting for psychological distress, baseline health, and health behaviors.
CONCLUSIONS: A growing knowledge base suggests that a sense of purpose can be increased. Additional research is needed to evaluate sense of purpose as a novel target in the prevention and reduction of drug misuse.
|PubMed Central ID||PMC7484217|
|Grant List||K99 AG055696 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
P01 AG020166 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U19 AG051426 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States