Depressive Symptoms and Multimorbidity: Is There an Association for Older Black Americans?

TitleDepressive Symptoms and Multimorbidity: Is There an Association for Older Black Americans?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationForthcoming
AuthorsCho, S, Hamler, TC
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
ISSN Number1552-6887
KeywordsChronic Diseases, Depressive symptoms, mental health disparities
Abstract

Many existing studies have reported a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms among older Black Americans. They also experience a disproportionate burden of multimorbidity, the presence of multiple chronic conditions. Therefore, this study was to identify the association between depressive symptomatology and multimorbidity among older Black Americans. This study analyzed the 2014 Health and Retirement Study ( = 1206). A negative binomial regression was applied to assess the association between multimorbidity and depressive symptomatology. Higher levels of chronic health problems were associated with higher levels of depressive symptomatology among older Black Americans ( = 1.093; = .002). Lower self-reported health, lower income, and lower educational attainment were also related to higher depressive symptoms. Older Black Americans experience vulnerability on multiple levels, and shouldering additional psychosocial and financial burdens adds to already established physical health disparities. This requires critical attention from both practice and policy.

DOI10.1177/0898264320981244
Citation Key11350
PubMed ID33345681