Cumulative Genetic Risk and Are Independently Associated With Dementia Status in a Multiethnic, Population-Based Cohort.

TitleCumulative Genetic Risk and Are Independently Associated With Dementia Status in a Multiethnic, Population-Based Cohort.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBakulski, KM, Vadari, HS, Faul, JD, Heeringa, SG, Kardia, SLR, Langa, KM, Smith, JA, Manly, JJ, Mitchell, CM, Benke, KS, Ware, EB
JournalNeurology Genetics
Volume7
Issue2
Paginatione576
ISSN Number2376-7839
KeywordsAging, Alzheimer disease, Cognition, genetic risk
Abstract

Objective: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a common and costly neurodegenerative disorder. A large proportion of AD risk is heritable, and many genetic risk factors have been identified. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that cumulative genetic risk of known AD markers contributed to odds of dementia in a population-based sample.

Methods: In the US population-based Health and Retirement Study (waves 1995-2014), we evaluated the role of cumulative genetic risk of AD, with and without the alleles, on dementia status (dementia, cognitive impairment without dementia, borderline cognitive impairment without dementia, and cognitively normal). We used logistic regression, accounting for demographic covariates and genetic principal components, and analyses were stratified by European and African genetic ancestry.

Results: In the European ancestry sample (n = 8,399), both AD polygenic score excluding the genetic region (odds ratio [OR] = 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-1.20) and the presence of any alleles (OR = 2.42; 95% CI: 1.99-2.95) were associated with the odds of dementia relative to normal cognition in a mutually adjusted model. In the African ancestry sample (n = 1,605), the presence of any alleles was associated with 1.77 (95% CI: 1.20-2.61) times higher odds of dementia, whereas the AD polygenic score excluding the genetic region was not significantly associated with the odds of dementia relative to normal cognition 1.06 (95% CI: 0.97-1.30).

Conclusions: Cumulative genetic risk of AD and are both independent predictors of dementia in European ancestry. This study provides important insight into the polygenic nature of dementia and demonstrates the utility of polygenic scores in dementia research.

DOI10.1212/NXG.0000000000000576
Citation Key11490
PubMed ID33688582
PubMed Central IDPMC7938646