|Title||Music Engagement and Episodic Memory among Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A National Cross-Sectional Analysis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Rouse, HJ, Jin, Y, Hueluer, G, Huo, M, Bugos, JA, Veal, B, Torres, M, Peterson, L, Dobbs, D, Meng, H|
|Journal||The Journals of Gerontology: Series B|
|Keywords||age norms, healthcare policy, lifestyle, Memory, Music, regression methods|
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether music engagement influences middle-aged and older adults' performance on episodic memory tasks.
METHODS: Secondary data analysis of a sample (N = 4,592) of cognitively healthy adults from the 2016 Health and Retirement Study were used for this study. Multivariable regression models were used to analyze the cross-sectional differences in performance on tasks of episodic memory between participants who listened to music (n= 3,659) or sang or played an instrument (n= 989).
RESULTS: On average, participants recalled 10.3 words out of a possible 20. Regression analyses showed that both music listening and singing or playing an instrument were independently associated with significantly better episodic memory.
DISCUSSION: The findings provide the first population-based evidence that music engagement is associated with better episodic memory among middle-aged and older adults. Future studies should examine whether the association is causal or has a dose response.