American older adults in COVID-19 Times: Vulnerability types, aging attitudes and emotional responses

TitleAmerican older adults in COVID-19 Times: Vulnerability types, aging attitudes and emotional responses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationForthcoming
AuthorsFu, M, Guo, J, Chen, X, Zhang, Q
JournalmedRxiv
KeywordsAging, COVID-19, Vulnerability
Abstract

{Background: The coronavirus disease aroused challenges to the emotional well-being of vulnerable older adults in hard-hit areas. This study investigates different vulnerability types among American older adults and how modes of vulnerability are associated with aging attitudes and emotional responses. Methods: Using Latent Class Analysis, we investigated 2003 respondents aged over 50 from HRS. Hierarchical linear regressions with the affective profile as cluster identity were used to examine the relationship between vulnerability type and positive aging attitudes with positive and negative emotional responses. Results: We detected three vulnerability types among American older adults: the slight vulnerability (72%), the healthcare use vulnerability (19%), and the dual vulnerabilities (9%). No significant difference in positive emotions was found between vulnerability types. However, more negative emotions were found among older adults with healthcare use vulnerability (B=0.746

DOI10.1101/2021.04.29.21256178
Citation KeyFu2021.04.29.21256178