Grandparenting, Social Relations, and Mortality in Old Age.

TitleGrandparenting, Social Relations, and Mortality in Old Age.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsJang, H, Tang, F, Fusco, RA, Engel, RJ, Albert, SM
JournalResearch on Aging
ISSN Number1552-7573
KeywordsGrandparenting, Mortality, Social networks, Social Support

Guided by a convoy model of social relations, this study investigates the relationships between grandparenting status, social relations, and mortality among community-dwelling grandparents age 65 and older who are caring for their grandchildren. The data were drawn from the 2008 and 2016 waves of the Health and Retirement Study ( = 564). Latent class analysis was used to identify the social network structure based on six indicators of interpersonal relationships and activities. A series of hierarchical Weibull hazard models estimated the associations between grandparent caregiving, social relations, and mortality risk. Results of survival analyses indicate that co-parenting and custodial grandparents had higher all-cause mortality risk than grandparents who babysat occasionally; however, for custodial grandparents, the association was not significant once social relation variables were added to the model. This study suggests that community-based support may be beneficial to older grandparents and improved relationship quality is integral to the well-being of older adults.

Citation Key11695
PubMed ID34109863