|Title||Active and receptive arts participation and their association with mortality among adults in the United States: a longitudinal cohort study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Story, KM, Yang, Z, Bravata, DM|
|Keywords||Arts participation, Mortality, Music listening|
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore associations between active and receptive arts participation and all-cause mortality among adults in the United States population.
STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study.
METHODS: Data were derived from the Health and Retirement Study. Separate Cox proportional hazards models were constructed for two cohorts (2012 and 2014) to examine associations between arts participation and mortality.
p>RESULTS: Independent of sociodemographic and health factors, participants aged ≥65 years had a higher mortality risk if they did not engage in music listening, hazard ratio (HR) 1.39 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.12-1.71); singing/playing an instrument, HR 1.49 (95% CI: 1.07-2.0); or doing arts and crafts, HR 1.39 (95% CI: 1.00-1.92). For participants aged <65 years, there was a higher mortality risk if they did not listen to music, HR 1.79 (95% CI: 1.07-3.01). Older participants from the 2014 cohort had a higher mortality risk if they did not engage in active arts, HR 1.73 (95% CI: 1.08-2.77).
CONCLUSIONS: Engagement in the arts was associated with lower risk of mortality even after risk adjustment, especially for adults aged ≥65 years. Greater access and integration of arts in everyday life is recommended.