|Title||The Role of Impulsive Decision Making on Health Behavior Related to Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among Older Adults With Hypertension.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||van den Berk-Clark, C, Pickard, J, Davis, D, Scherrer, JF|
|Journal||Journal of Gerontological Nursing|
|Keywords||Cardiovascular Diseases, Decision making, Exercise, Health Behavior, Hypertension, Risk Factors|
The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether older adults who are more impulsive also tend to engage in more health behaviors associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We analyzed data from the Health and Retirement Study. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the likelihood of medication adherence, alcohol consumption, and exercise among older adults with hypertension. Adjusted regression results revealed higher impulsive decision making was associated with greater likelihood of obesity (odds ratio [OR] = 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.00, 8.92]), lower likelihood of medication adherence (OR = 0.37, 95% CI [0.15, 0.92]), and regular drinking (OR = 0.36, 95% CI [0.15, 0.87]). Higher impulsive decision making was associated with lower likelihood of regular exercise only in unadjusted models. Older adults with hypertension who had higher impulsive decision making engaged in health behaviors associated with increased risk for CVD. Health care providers should consider the range of strategies offered through behavioral economics to improve health in these at-risk populations. [(11), 22-30.].