Screening recall in older cancer survivors detects differences in balance and mobility.

TitleScreening recall in older cancer survivors detects differences in balance and mobility.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsBlackwood, J, Sweeney, R, Rybicki, K
JournalSupportive Care In Cancer
ISSN Number1433-7339
KeywordsCognition, Memory, Neoplasms, Orientation, Postural Balance, Short-term, walking speed

PURPOSE: Cognitive impairments have been reported by up to two-thirds of cancer survivors whose primary cancer did not occur in the central nervous system. Physical impairments as sequelae of cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) have not been well described in previous studies. Furthermore, there is scarcity of literature describing differences among physical performance in those with and without CRCI. The purpose of this study is to examine the differences in physical function of older cancer survivors based on cognitive ability to determine if physical performance differs when different cognitive screening measures are employed.

METHODS: Adults age 65 + with a history of cancer from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study (n = 1,953) were assigned to groups according to their cognitive ability. Between-group demographic, mobility, and cognitive differences were analyzed using chi-squared and t tests. Recall and orientation were used as cognitive variables, and physical performance outcomes included gait speed, balance, and grip strength.

RESULTS: Respondents with Low Recall had more impaired balance (semi-tandem, tandem) (p < .05) and slower gait speeds (p < .05). Respondents that were Not-Oriented had slower gait speed (p < .05). Between-group differences in demographics were found by recall and orientation groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Impairments in balance and gait speed are able to be detected when recall is screened in a population of older cancer survivors. When assessing how physical mobility is related to fall risk, a screen of cognition should go beyond just orientation.

Citation Key12009
PubMed ID34812954