|Title||Assessing the roles of demographic, social, economic, environmental, health-related, and political factors on risk of osteoporosis diagnosis among older adults.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Courtney, MGough, Quintero, Y, Godde, K|
|Journal||Archives of Osteoporosis|
|Keywords||Biomarkers, Bone health, Social determinants of health|
Chronic stress from social/environmental pressures has been proposed to affect bone health through increased inflammation. We demonstrate that inflammation from prolonged stress does not cause changes to bone health through inflammation but instead impacts access to health care, social inequalities, and overall health, which in turn impact bone health.
PURPOSE: The study provides a comprehensive assessment of how determinants of health across demographic, psychological, mobility-related, health, environmental, and economic domains are associated with the diagnosis of osteoporosis and tests three hypotheses: (1) a diverse set of variables across domains will predict osteoporosis, (2) chronic inflammation as a result of stress (represented by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) will not be associated with osteoporosis, and (3) the model developed will have high accuracy in predicting osteoporosis.
METHODS: Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models of osteoporosis diagnosis were estimated using data from 14,792 and 13,169 participants (depending on model) in the 2012-2016 waves of the Health and Retirement Study, including the Biomarker Study, the Contextual Data Resource, and validated measures of childhood socioeconomic status. Predictive accuracy was assessed using k-Nearest Neighbors Discriminant Analysis.
RESULTS: Demographic, environmental, and health-related factors were associated with osteoporosis diagnosis, and predictive accuracy of the models was good. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein was not associated with osteoporosis diagnosis.
CONCLUSION: Social determinants identified indicate access to health care, inequalities in the greater social environment (e.g., access to resources), and overall health (i.e., underlying medical conditions) are key components for developing osteoporosis and indicate underlying health inequities in this sample. There is a need to further address the interplay between primary health care and social determinants of health.
|Grant List||R15AG063330 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States|