Predictors of Covid-19 level of concern among older adults from the health and retirement study.

TitlePredictors of Covid-19 level of concern among older adults from the health and retirement study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsBeydoun, HA, Beydoun, MA, Weiss, J, Gautam, RS, Hossain, S, Alemu, BT, Zonderman, AB
JournalScientific Reports
ISSN Number2045-2322
KeywordsCOVID-19, Female, Life Style, Retirement, Risk Factors

The purpose of this longitudinal study is to construct a prediction model for Covid-19 level of concern using established Covid-19 socio-demographic, lifestyle and health risk characteristics and to examine specific contributions of obesity-related cardiometabolic health characteristics as predictors of Covid-19 level of concern among a representative sample of U.S. older adults. We performed secondary analyses of existing data on 2872 2006-2020 Health and Retirement Study participants and examined 19 characteristics in relation to the outcome of interest using logistic regression and machine learning algorithms. In mixed-effects ordinal logistic regression models, a history of diabetes, stroke as well as 1-2 cardiometabolic risk factors and/or chronic conditions were associated with greater Covid-19 level of concern, after controlling for confounders. Female sex, birth cohort, minority race, Hispanic ethnicity and total wealth as well as depressive symptoms were associated with higher level of Covid-19 concern, and education was associated with lower level of Covid-19 concern in fully adjusted mixed-effects ordinal logistic regression models. The selected socio-demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics accounted for < 70% of the variability in Covid-19 level of concern based on machine learning algorithms. Independent risk factors for Covid-19 level of concern among U.S. older adults include socio-demographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. Advanced research is needed to identify relevant predictors and elucidate underlying mechanisms of observed relationships.

Citation Key12312
PubMed ID35292672
PubMed Central IDPMC8921703