|Title||How social/environmental determinants and inflammation affect salivary telomere length among middle-older adults in the health and retirement study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Courtney, MGough, Roberts, J, Godde, K|
|Keywords||C-reactive protein, Inflammation, Retirement, Social determinants of health, Telomere, Telomere Shortening|
Social epidemiology posits that chronic stress from social determinants will lead to a prolonged inflammatory response that may induce accelerated aging as measured, for example, through telomere length (TL). In this paper, we hypothesize variables across demographic, health-related, and contextual/environmental domains influence the body's stress response, increase inflammation (as measured through high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)), and thereby lead to shortening of telomeres. This population-based research uses data from the 2008 Health and Retirement Study on participants ages ≤ 54-95 + years, estimating logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models of variables (with and without confounders) across the domains on shortened TL. A mediation analysis is also conducted. Contrary to expectations, hs-CRP is not associated with risk of shortened TL. Rather, factors related to accessing health care, underlying conditions of frailty, and social inequality appear to predict risk of shorter TL, and models demonstrate considerable confounding. Further, hs-CRP is not a mediator for TL. Therefore, the social determinants of health examined do not appear to follow an inflammatory pathway for shortened TL. The finding of a relationship to social determinants affecting access to health care and medical conditions underscores the need to address social determinants alongside primary care when examining health inequities.
|Grant List||R15AG063330 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
R15AG063330 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States