|Intersecting Early-Life Selection Mechanisms: Socio-Historical Changes in Racially Stratified Effects of Education on Functional Limitations in the United States.
|Year of Publication
|Journal of Aging and Health
|Education, Intersectionality, later-life health inequalities, life course
OBJECTIVE: Scant research has focused on the role of in shaping intersecting early-life selection mechanisms and their impacts on racially stratified effects of education on health across cohorts.
METHOD: Drawing from the , this study fitted negative binomial regression models to assess the impacts of childhood socioeconomic status (SES) on the relationship between education and functional limitations for Black and White adults across birth cohorts ( = 16,269, born 1931-1959).
RESULTS: The disparities between Black adults and White adults in impacts of childhood SES on both education and functional limitations were more pronounced in recent cohorts. The racial stratification in the impacts of education on functional limitations was documented across cohorts. However, after adjusting for childhood SES, this stratification narrowed considerably in recent cohorts.
DISCUSSION: This study underscores the role of a context in shaping the effects of education on health at the intersection of race and cohort.