|Title||Sociodemographic Factors and Neighborhood/Environmental Conditions Associated with Social Isolation Among Black Older Adults.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||Forthcoming|
|Authors||Taylor, HO, Tsuchiya, K, Nguyen, AW, Mueller, C|
|Journal||Journal of Aging and Health|
|Keywords||African Americans, environment, Leave Behind Questionnaire, Neighborhoods, Social Support|
To investigate sociodemographic factors and neighborhood/environmental conditions associated with social isolation (SI) among Black older adults. We utilized data from the 2014 and 2016 Leave-Behind Questionnaire from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS LBQ) among those who self-identified as Black ( = 2.323). Outcome variables for our study included SI from adult children, other family members, friends, disengagement from social participation and religious services, being unmarried, and living alone. These indicators were also combined into an overall SI index. Critical predictors included gender, age, household income, education, employment status, neighborhood cohesion, neighborhood disorder, urbanicity, and region of residence. Sociodemographic factors of gender, education and household income were significantly associated with SI indicators. Additionally, some neighborhood/environmental conditions were associated with SI indicators. SI was found to be patterned by sociodemographic factors. These results can be used to develop effective interventions to mitigate SI among Black older adults.