|Title||More than just a bad day? Traumatic life events and self-control in old age.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Choung, Y, Pak, T-Y|
|Keywords||Armed Conflicts, Child, Humans, Retrospective Studies, Self-control, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Surveys and Questionnaires|
The behavioral economics literature suggests that exposure to traumatic events shifts preference features including risk aversion and time preference. In this study, we examined the association between traumatic life events and self-control in old age. Data were obtained from the Health and Retirement Study, which offers retrospective data on trauma exposure and early life characteristics. The results showed that experiences of serious physical attacks or assaults is associated with a 3.1% reduction in self-control, adjusted for demographic and childhood socioeconomic characteristics. The attacks or assaults were experienced approximately 30 years prior to the survey, indicating that traumatic life events exert a lasting influence on self-control. Further analyses found no difference in the association between the experience of serious physical attacks or assaults and self-control according to the timing of occurrence. Our findings are consistent with the evidence that experiences of natural disasters or armed conflicts increase impatience among survivors.
|PubMed Central ID||PMC9907851|