|Title||The association between subjective cognitive decline and trajectories of objective cognitive decline: Do social relationships matter?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Pai, M, Lu, W, Chen, M, Xue, B|
|Journal||Arch Gerontol Geriatr|
|Keywords||Cognition, Cognitive Dysfunction, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Memory, Episodic, Neuropsychological tests|
OBJECTIVES: We examine the association between subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and the trajectories of objective cognitive decline (OCD); and the extent to which this association is moderated by social relationships.
METHODS: Data come from waves 10 (2010) through 14 (2018) of the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative panel survey of individuals aged 50 and above in the United States. OCD is measured using episodic memory, and overall cognition. SCD is assessed using a baseline measure of self-rated memory. Social relationships are measured by social network size and perceived positive and negative social support. Growth curve models estimate the longitudinal link between SCD and subsequent OCD trajectories and the interactions between SCD and social relationship variables on OCD.
RESULTS: SCD is associated with subsequent OCD. A wider social network and lower perceived negative support are linked to slower decline in memory, and overall cognition. None of the social relationship variables, however, moderate the link between SCD and future OCD.
CONCLUSION: Knowing that SCD is linked to subsequent OCD is useful because at SCD stage, deficits are more manageable relative to those at subsequent stages of OCD. Future work on SCD and OCD should consider additional dimensions of social relationships.