Exposure to Family Member Deaths Across the Life Course for Hispanic Individuals.

TitleExposure to Family Member Deaths Across the Life Course for Hispanic Individuals.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsDonnelly, R, Garcia, MA, Cha, H, Hummer, RA, Umberson, D
ISSN Number1533-7790
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Child, Death, Family, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Life Change Events, Longitudinal Studies, Middle Aged, United States, White, Young Adult

The present study documents differences in exposure to family member deaths among foreign-born and U.S.-born Hispanic individuals compared with non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic White individuals. We use data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS; 1992-2016, ages 51+; N = 23,228) and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health; Waves I-V, ages 12-43; N = 11,088) to estimate the risk of exposure to the death of a mother, father, spouse, sibling, and child across the life course. HRS results show more inequities in exposure to family deaths compared with Add Health results, suggesting differences by age or birth cohort. Compared with non-Hispanic Whites, U.S.-born Hispanic individuals in the HRS have a higher risk of experiencing a child's death throughout adulthood and a sibling's death in later life; the latter is explained by larger sibship size, indicating a greater lifetime risk of bereavement experiences. The higher risk of parental death during childhood for U.S.-born and foreign-born Hispanic individuals is explained by covariates (e.g., lower levels of educational attainment). Hispanic individuals generally have a lower risk of family deaths than non-Hispanic Black individuals, but at times a higher risk of exposure relative to non-Hispanic White individuals.

Citation Key13246
PubMed ID36920950
PubMed Central IDPMC10233821
Grant ListP2C HD042849 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P2C HD050924 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG054624 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
T32 HD007081 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States