|Title||Perceived Neighborhood Characteristics and Later-Life Pain Outcomes: Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Yang, Y, Sims, KD, Lane, NE, Duchowny, KA, Torres, JM|
|Journal||J Aging Health|
This study examines whether perceived neighborhood characteristics relate to pain outcomes among middle-aged and older adults. Data were from the Health and Retirement Study (2006-2014; = 18,814). Perceived neighborhood characteristics were physical disorder, social cohesion, safety, and social ties. We fitted adjusted generalized estimating equation models to evaluate prevalence, incidence, and recovery of moderate-to-severe limiting pain 2 years later. The mean age of our sample was 65.3 years; 54.6% were female and 24.2% reported moderate-to-severe limiting pain at baseline. Positive neighborhood characteristics were associated with low prevalence (e.g., prevalence ratio [PR]: .71 for ) and reduced incidence (e.g., PR: .63 for ) of moderate-to-severe limiting pain. Positive neighborhood characteristics were associated with a high recovery rate from moderate-to-severe limiting pain (e.g., PR = 1.15 for ), though the 95% CIs for disorder and cohesion crossed the null. Neighborhood characteristics may be important determinants in predicting pain in later life.