|Title||Paid Care for People with Functional Impairment and Serious Illness: Results from the Health and Retirement Study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Reckrey, JM, Kleijwegt, H, R Morrison, S, Nothelle, S, Kelley, AS, Ornstein, KA|
|Journal||J Gen Intern Med|
BACKGROUND: Paid caregivers (e.g., home health aides) care for individuals living at home with functional impairment and serious illnesses (health conditions with high risk of mortality that impact function and quality of life).
OBJECTIVE: To characterize those who receive paid care and identify factors associated with receipt of paid care in the context of serious illness and socioeconomic status.
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.
PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling participants ≥ 65 years enrolled in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) between 1998 and 2018 with new-onset functional impairment (e.g., bathing, dressing) and linked fee-for-service Medicare claims (n = 2521).
MAIN MEASURES: Dementia was identified using HRS responses and non-dementia serious illness (e.g., advanced cancer, end-stage renal disease) was identified using Medicare claims. Paid care support was identified using HRS survey report of paid help with functional tasks.
KEY RESULTS: While about 27% of the sample received paid care, those with both dementia and non-dementia serious illnesses in addition to functional impairment received the most paid care (41.7% received ≥ 40 h of paid care per week). In multivariable models, those with Medicaid were more likely to receive any paid care (p < 0.001), but those in the highest income quartile received more hours of paid care (p = 0.05) when paid care was present. Those with non-dementia serious illness were more likely to receive any paid care (p < 0.001), but those with dementia received more hours of care (p < 0.001) when paid care was present.
CONCLUSIONS: Paid caregivers play a significant role in meeting the care needs of those with functional impairment and serious illness and high paid care hours are common among those with dementia in particular. Future work should explore how paid caregivers can collaborate with families and healthcare teams to improve the health and well-being of the seriously ill throughout the income spectrum.
|PubMed Central ID||8440352|
|Grant List||K23AG066930 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
K24AG062785 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01AG066605 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
K23AG072037 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01AG054540 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States