|Title||Ten-year cross-sectional and longitudinal assessment and factors associated with unfavourable self-rated oral health in older adults in the United States.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Tembhe, A, Preisser, JS, Batorsky, A, Weintraub, JA|
|Keywords||Older Adults, Oral Health, United States|
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of demographic and socio-economic characteristics with self-reported oral health (SROH) among older adults who participated in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) in 2008, 2018, or both, and to describe temporal changes.
METHODS: Data were from the University of Michigan's Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a nationally representative longitudinal survey of Americans aged 51 and older. Responses from participants who completed the Core HRS survey and Dental Module (DM) in 2008 (n = 1310), 2018 (n = 1330), and the "common group" at both timepoints (n = 559) were analysed. Using the common group, the outcome measure was 2018 self-rated oral health (Favourable vs Unfavourable). Potential explanatory variables included 2008 self-rated oral health (SROH), sociodemographic, and dental utilisation-related factors. Survey logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors that were associated with unfavourable 2018 SROH in 2018.
RESULTS: Unfavourable SROH prevalence was 28.5% and 31.6% in 2008 and 2018, respectively. Among the common, longitudinal group, the unfavourable prevalence remained the same, 26.1% at both timepoints. A positive association was seen between 2018 unfavourable SROH and baseline variables of 2008 unfavourable SROH, male gender, less education, and lower levels of wealth.
CONCLUSIONS: Over a quarter of participants reported unfavourable SROH. There was little change in SROH during this period. Sociodemographic factors influence the SROH of the older population. Policies and programs to promote and protect the oral health of older adults should be designed and implemented to reduce social inequalities and improve the SROH of disadvantaged older adults.
|Grant List||U01AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States|