|Title||Healthcare Utilization and Advance Care Planning among Older Adults Across Cognitive Levels.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Rahemi, Z, Malatyali, A, Bacsu, J-DR, Sefcik, JS, Petrovsky, DV, Baker, ZG, Ma, KPui Kwan, Smith, ML, Adams, SA|
|Journal||J Appl Gerontol|
|Keywords||Advance care planning, cognitive levels, Healthcare, Older Adults|
This study examined the impact of advance care planning (ACP) on healthcare utilization among older adults with normal cognition and impaired cognition/dementia. Using datasets from the Health and Retirement Study, we conducted a cross-sectional study on 17,698 participants aged 51 years and older. Our analyses included survey descriptive and logistic regression procedures. ACP measures included a living will and durable power of attorney for healthcare. Healthcare utilization was measured using the days spent in hospitals, hospice care, nursing homes, and home care. Of the participants, 77.8% had normal cognition, and 22% had impaired cognition/dementia. The proportion of impaired cognition/dementia was higher among racially minoritized participants, single/widowed participants, and those who lived alone and were less educated. The results showed that having an ACP measure was associated with longer stays in hospitals, nursing homes, and home healthcare in all participants.