Black-White Differences in Offspring Educational Attainment and Older Parents' Dementia.

TitleBlack-White Differences in Offspring Educational Attainment and Older Parents' Dementia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsYahirun, JJ, Vasireddy, S, Hayward, MD
JournalJ Health Soc Behav
ISSN Number2150-6000
Keywordscognitive health; health disparities; intergenerational relationships; life course.

Emerging research documents the health benefits of having highly educated adult offspring. Yet less is known about whether those advantages vary across racial groups. This study examines how offspring education is tied to parents' dementia risk for Black and White parents in the United States. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, findings suggest that children's education does not account for the Black-White gap in dementia risk. However, results confirm that parental race moderates the relationship between children's education and dementia risk and that the association between children's education and parents' dementia risk is strongest among less-educated parents. Among less-educated parents, higher levels of children's attainment prevent the risk of dementia onset for Black parents, but low levels of offspring schooling increase dementia risk among White parents. The study highlights how offspring education shapes the cognitive health of social groups differently and points to new avenues for future research.

Citation Key13466
PubMed ID37265201
Grant ListP2C HD050959 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States