|Title||Retirement Account Disparities Have Increased by Income and Persisted by Race Over Time|
|Publication Type||Government Report|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||United States Government Accountability Office,|
|Publisher||United States Government Accountability Office|
|Keywords||Income, race disparity, Retirement|
Disparities between low-income and high-income older workers’ retirement accounts were greater in 2019 than in 2007, according to GAO’s analysis of Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) data on households 51 to 64. For example, about one in 10 low-income households had a retirement account balance in 2019 compared to about one in five in 2007, while about nine in 10 high-income households had a balance through the period. For those with a balance, the median balance was higher for high-income households over the period, while any change for the other income groups was not statistically significant. Racial disparities also persisted over the period. A higher share of White households had a balance than those of all other races. Also, White households had about double the median balance as households of all other races.