|The Effect of Home- and Community-Based Services on Social Engagement.
|Year of Publication
|Sun, PC, Shen, H-W
|Journal of applied gerontology: the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
|home- and community-based care and services; long-term services and supports; volunteerism and civic engagement
Home- and community-based services (HCBS) help older adults to remain active in community settings. However, it is not known if there is a causal relationship between HCBS and social engagement. We used data from the 2010 and 2012 Health and Retirement Study and measured the effect of HCBS on social engagement via nearest-neighbor Mahalanobis matching, optimal pair matching, genetic matching, and optimal full matching. Genetic matching showed that the odds of social engagement for participants who received at least one HCBS (congregate meal, home-delivered meal, transportation service, case management, homemaker or housekeeping services, or caregiver services) in the prior two years was 1.07 times more likely than participants who have not received any HCBS (robust SE = .030, = .040). HCBS may remove barriers to social engagement through increasing older adults' personal resources and personal networks.