Progression and trajectory network of age-related functional impairments and their combined associations with mortality

TitleProgression and trajectory network of age-related functional impairments and their combined associations with mortality
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsChen, H, Wang, B, Lv, R, Zhou, T, Shen, J, Song, H, Xu, X, Ma, Y, Yuan, C
JournaliScience
Volume26
KeywordsAge, association analysis, Bioinformatics, Health sciences
Abstract

Age-related functional impairments (ARFIs) contribute to the loss of independence in older adults, but their progressions, interrelations, and combined relations with mortality are largely unknown. We conducted a prospective study among 17,914 participants in the Health and Retirement Study (2000–2020). The incidence rates of visual impairment, hearing impairment, physical frailty, and cognitive impairment increased exponentially with age, while those of restless sleep and depression increased relatively slowly. These ARFIs were associated with each other in temporal sequence and constituted a hazard network. We observed a dose-response relationship between the number of ARFIs and mortality risk, and the dyads involving physical frailty demonstrated the strongest associations with mortality. Our findings may assist in the identification of individuals at higher mortality risk and highlight the potential for future investigations to explore the impact of multiple ARFIs in aging.

DOI10.1016/j.isci.2023.108368
Citation Key13624