Spouses of individuals living with mild cognitive impairment or dementia in the United States: A descriptive, population-based study.

TitleSpouses of individuals living with mild cognitive impairment or dementia in the United States: A descriptive, population-based study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationForthcoming
AuthorsTorres, JM, Romero, KRenata Flo, Kotwal, AA, Chen, R, Hill-Jarrett, T, Mitchell, UA, Glymour, MMaria
JournalAlzheimers & dementia: the journal of the Alzheimer's Association
ISSN Number1552-5279
KeywordsDementia, Epidemiology, Family, health equity, mild cognitive impairment, Spouses
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the population of individuals who live with a spouse with cognitive impairment (CI) or dementia.

METHODS: Using the US Health and Retirement Study, 2000 to 2018, we estimated the population of adults ≥ 50 years old co-residing with a spouse with probable CI/dementia. We described their socio-demographic and health characteristics and quantified socio-demographic inequities.

RESULTS: Among community-dwelling adults ≥ 50 years old, 6% of women and 4% of men co-resided with a spouse with probable CI/dementia. Among those who were married/partnered, the prevalence of spousal dementia was greater for Black and Hispanic adults compared to their White counterparts, and for those with lower versus higher educational attainment. Among spouses, activities of daily living disability, depression, and past 2-year hospitalization was common.

DISCUSSION: Millions of older adults, disproportionately Black and Hispanic people and people with lower levels of educational attainment, live with a spouse with CI while also facing their own major health challenges.

DOI10.1002/alz.13555
Citation Key13643
PubMed ID38041823
Grant ListP30AG044281 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
K00 AG068431 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R21AG065654 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
K00AG069431 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
T32AG078115 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
K23AG065438 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States