Gender-specific association of the accumulation of chronic conditions and disability in activities of daily living with depressive symptoms.

TitleGender-specific association of the accumulation of chronic conditions and disability in activities of daily living with depressive symptoms.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationForthcoming
AuthorsHu, M, Yu, H, Zhang, Y, Xiang, B, Wang, Q
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume118
Pagination105287
ISSN Number1872-6976
KeywordsDepressive symptoms, Disability in activities of daily living, Longitudinal mediating effect, The accumulation of chronic conditions
Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the era of rapid aging with a rising prevalence of multimorbidity, complex interactions between physical and psychological conditions have challenged the health care system. However, little is known about the association of the accumulation of chronic conditions and disability in activities of daily living with depressive symptoms, especially in developed countries.

METHODS: This population-based cohort study used data from the Health and Retirement Study. A total of 22,335 middle-aged and older adults participated in the 2014 (T1), 2016 (T2), and 2018 (T3) waves of the cohort were included. The accumulation of chronic conditions and disability were defined as the number of chronic diseases and the five activities of daily living. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. A longitudinal mediation model with a cross-lagged panel model was run. As robust check, the models were applied with a longer follow-up period (from 2012 to 2018). Additionally, results were estimated in China.

RESULTS: Bidirectional associations have been found among the accumulation of chronic conditions, disability, and depressive symptoms, especially between disability and depression. Disability (T2) mediated 11.11 % and 16.87 % of the association between the accumulation of chronic conditions (T1) and depression (T3) for men and women in the United States. The results were consistent in robust analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: This study found that men and women routinely experienced disability and depressive symptoms because of the accumulation of chronic conditions. In terms of depressive symptoms, women were more sensitive to the accumulation of chronic conditions through disability.

DOI10.1016/j.archger.2023.105287
Citation Key13708
PubMed ID38029545