Is Early-Life Enrichment Associated With Better Cognitive Function Among Older Adults? Examining Home and School Environments.

TitleIs Early-Life Enrichment Associated With Better Cognitive Function Among Older Adults? Examining Home and School Environments.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationForthcoming
AuthorsBell, MJ, Sauerteig-Rolston, MR, Ferraro, KF
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Pagination8982643241232718
ISSN Number1552-6887
Abstract

We examine whether early-life enrichment, involving varied and stimulating activities to enhance cognitive function during childhood and adolescence, is associated with cognitive function in later life and whether the benefits persist over time. Growth curve models were used to examine up to five waves of data from the Health and Retirement Study-a nationally representative survey of adults 50 years and older ( = 10,070). We constructed separate measures of early-life enrichment to distinguish sources of influence (i.e., enriched home environment and enriched school environment). Global cognitive function was assessed with a modified version of the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status. Greater enrichment in each environment was incrementally associated with better cognitive function at baseline, but enrichment was not associated with change in cognitive function over time. Receiving enrichment from multiple environments during sensitive periods of cognitive development may be advantageous for cognitive functioning in later life.

DOI10.1177/08982643241232718
Citation Key13794
PubMed ID38410953