Purpose in Life and Risk of Falls: A Meta-Analysis of Cross-Sectional and Prospective Associations.

TitlePurpose in Life and Risk of Falls: A Meta-Analysis of Cross-Sectional and Prospective Associations.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsSutin, AR, Luchetti, M, Stephan, Y, Canada, B, Terracciano, A
JournalGerontology Geriatric Medicine
Volume10
Pagination23337214241236039
ISSN Number2333-7214
KeywordsAging, Falls, meaning, meta-analysis, prospective, purpose
Abstract

Purpose in life is an aspect of well-being that is associated with better health outcomes in older adulthood. We examine the association between purpose in life and likelihood of a recent fall and risk of an incident fall over time. Purpose in life and falls were reported concurrently and falls were reported again up to 16 years later in four established longitudinal studies of older adults (total  = 25,418). A random-effects meta-analysis of the four samples indicated that purpose was associated with a 14% lower likelihood of having fallen recently at baseline (meta-analytic  = 0.88, 95% CI [0.84-0.92]). Among participants who reported no falls at baseline ( = 15,632), purpose was associated with a nearly 10% lower risk of an incident fall over the up to 16-year follow-up (meta-analytic HR = 0.92, 95% CI [0.90-0.94]). These associations were independent of age, sex, race, ethnicity, and education, were not moderated by these factors, and persisted controlling for physical activity and disease burden. Purpose in life is a meaningful aspect of well-being that may be useful to identify individuals at risk for falling, particularly among individuals without traditional risk factors, and be a target of intervention to reduce fall risk.

DOI10.1177/23337214241236039
Citation Key13823
PubMed ID38455641
PubMed Central IDPMC10919135