A Longitudinal Investigation of the Association between Stroke and Loneliness.

TitleA Longitudinal Investigation of the Association between Stroke and Loneliness.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationForthcoming
AuthorsWillroth, EC, Rule, PD, Graham, EK, Nicholas, ML, Hattori, R, Thompson, T, Connor, LTabor
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology, Series B, Psychological Sciences and social sciences
ISSN Number1758-5368
KeywordsCerebrovascular disease, Health Event, Recovery, Social connectedness

OBJECTIVE: The present research examined associations between stroke and long-term trajectories of loneliness.

METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses in three large representative panel studies of adults 50 years and older in the U.S., Europe, and Israel: the English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA; analytic N=14,992); the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE; analytic N=103,782); and the Health and Retirement Study (HRS; analytic N=22,179) .Within each sample, we used discontinuous growth curve modeling to estimate loneliness trajectories across adulthood, and the impact of stroke on loneliness trajectories.

RESULTS: Across all three samples, participants who experienced stroke reported higher levels of loneliness relative to participants who did not experience stroke. In ELSA and HRS (but not SHARE), loneliness levels were higher after stroke onset relative to before stroke onset.

DISCUSSION: This research adds to a growing body of evidence demonstrating elevated loneliness among stroke survivors and highlights the need for interventions to increase social connectedness after stroke.

Citation Key13876
PubMed ID38572592